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      The "Big-Bible-Word-Glossary" Post Part 1

      Thursday, September 27, 2007

      When I started reading and listening to the Bible, I got so frustrated at times because I would come across one of those "big words" that everyone who has read at least some of the Bible knows about, and I would get stuck on a certain verse without getting understanding. When I learned the definitions of some of those big words, though, I realized why certain theologians make such a big deal out of their usage. In this post (and, Lord willing, future ones), I am going to share some of the more obscure words (to present day Christians) that are found in Scripture that have helped me grow in the faith and love for Christ that has been once delievered to all the Saints. With each word, I will give the original Greek word, a definition of the Greek word from either Thayer's or Strong's, the English dictionary definition of the english word we use now (which doesn't differ from the Greek), and a verse or two of how it is used in Scripture. Use the definitions of each of these words when you read them in the Scripture verses. I pray that it helps you grow in your understanding of what exactly God has done for all those who believe.

      1) Propitiation

      Greek word and defn: hilastērion - a) an atoning victim, relating to an appeasing or expiating; b) used of the cover of the ark of the covenant in the Holy of Holies, which was sprinkled with the blood of the expiatory victim on the annual day of atonement (this rite signifying that the life of the people, the loss of which they had merited by their sins, was offered to God in the blood as the life of the victim, and that God by this ceremony was appeased and their sins expiated); hence the lid of expiation, the propitiatory

      English defn: to gain or regain the favor or goodwill of; appease; conciliate

      Used in Scripture:

      Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus: Whom God has set forth to be a propitiation through faith in His blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;
      (Rom 3:24-25)

      In this is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our (those who believe) sins.
      (1Jn 4:10)

      2) Justification

      Greek word and defn: dikaiōsis - a) the act of God declaring men free from guilt and acceptable to him; b) abjuring (formally rejecting or disavowing a formerly held belief, usually under pressure) to be righteous; c) acquittal

      English defn: being pronounced or made righteous; the act of God, through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ, bringing about reconciliation between God and human beings.

      Used in Scripture:

      Now it was not written for his sake alone, that it was imputed (attributed or credited) to him; But for us also, to whom it shall be imputed, if we believe on him that raised up Jesus our Lord from the dead; Who was delivered for our offenses, and was raised again for our justification.
      (Rom 4:23-25)

      For if by one man's (Adam's) offense death reigned by one; much more they who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. Therefore as by the offense of one (Adam) judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one (Jesus Christ) the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.
      (Rom 5:17-18)

      3) Sanctification

      Greek word and defn: hagiasmos - a) purification; b) consecration (The act of separating from a common to a sacred use)

      English defn: "to set apart" or "to make holy" from the world and sin.

      Used in Scripture:

      And base things of the world, and things which are despised, has God chosen, yea, and things which are not, to bring to nothing things that are: That no flesh should glory in his presence. And of him are you in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption: That, according as it is written, He that glories, let him glory in the Lord.
      (1Co 1:28-31)

      Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the exiles scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia, Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
      (1Pe 1:1-2)

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